Mining Approximate Acyclic Schemes from Relations


Acyclic schemes have numerous applications in databases and in machine learning, such as improved design, more efficient storage, and increased performance for queries and machine learning algorithms. Multivalued dependencies (MVDs) are the building blocks of acyclic schemes. The discovery from data of both MVDs and acyclic schemes is more challenging than other forms of data dependencies, such as Functional Dependencies, because these dependencies do not hold on subsets of data, and because they are very sensitive to noise in the data; for example a single wrong or missing tuple may invalidate the schema. In this paper we present Maimon, a system for discovering approximate acyclic schemes and MVDs from data. We give a principled definition of approximation, by using notions from information theory, then describe the two components of Maimon: mining for approximate MVDs, then reconstructing acyclic schemes from approximate MVDs. We conduct an experimental evaluation of Maimon on 20 real-world datasets, and show that it can scale up to 1M rows, and up to 30 columns.

Proceedings of the 2020 International Conference on Management of Data